This is the first in a series of reports on private law children cases in England and Wales. It uses population-level data to examine trends in demand, developing a demographic profile of the families involved and the patterns of orders applied for. It also provides new evidence on the proportion of repeat applications by exploring the gendered pattern of this phenomenon for the first time.

The report was researched and written by the Family Justice Data Partnership—a collaboration between Lancaster University and Swansea University, funded by the Nuffield Family Justice Observatory—in conjunction with Professor Liz Trinder, University of Exeter.

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